There is an increased need for iron when pregnant. During this time, the amount of blood in your body increases by 30-50%. This increases the requirement for iron in your body as it’s needed to make haemoglobin, which carries oxygen to other cells in your body.
Research shows that most women do not have sufficient iron in their diet to meet their daily needs. This is also true during pregnancy, especially during the second and third trimesters when dietary iron requirements can increase to as much as 30mg per day.
Meeting your iron needs when pregnant
There are two types of iron found in the diet, non-heme and heme. Non-heme iron is found in plants, nuts and legumes. This is absorbed at a much lower rate than heme iron, which is found in animal products such as meat, especially red meat.
It’s important to remember that even if you are making a conscious effort to ingest more heme iron, by eating meat, most health authorities recommend a safe upper intake of only 500g of red meat per week. Also, other daily habits like drinking tea and coffee after your meals can reduce iron absorption and reduce your iron intake.
You can get iron from food but it may not be absorbed well, and it may not be sufficient to meet your increased requirements during pregnancy.
Iron supplements could beneﬁt pregnant women who are unable to meet their dietary iron requirements. However, food supplements are not a substitute for a varied diet and a healthy lifestyle.
Choosing an iron supplement in pregnancy
There are many iron supplements available over the counter. Ferrous sulfate is considered the ‘gold standard’ and is the most commonly prescribed form of iron in the UK and Ireland.
Although iron absorption occurs mainly in the small intestine, traditional iron supplements dissolve in the stomach. This can lead to iron supplement side effects such as constipation, heartburn, and nausea.
Active Iron has a unique non-constipating formula that helps reduce gut irritation from iron. Formulated by scientists, Active Iron is clinically proven to increase iron levels while being kind enough to take on an empty stomach.